BIBLICAL CONCEPT: Predestination

1) Vocabulary: Proorizo. Pro - before,  horizo - to mark out, a boundary,
    limit, fixed, determined.

2) Acts 2:23; (Jesus Christ) delivered up by the predetermined counsel
    and foreknowledge of God.  He was nailed to the cross by godless

    Conclusions: 1) The cross of Christ was carefully planned from eternity
past (predetermined plan = fixed design).  2) The predetermined plan
included the foreknowledge of God.  3) Human volitional choices of
“godless men” were included.  4) The sovereignty of God used human
volitional choices to fulfill the cross of Christ: “you nailed to a cross by
the hands of godless men and put Him to death.”

3) Acts 4:27-28; Gentiles and Jews gathered against Jesus to do whatever
    Thy hand and Thy purpose predestined to occur.

    Conclusions: 1) God’s predestination included human volitional
activity (vv. 27-28a).  2) Predestination insures that God’s purpose
(counsel) will occur.  3) God’s predestination gives confidence to
persecuted Christians (vv. 29-31).

4) Acts 17:26-27; having determined their appointed times, and the
    boundaries of their habitation,  that they should seek God, if perhaps
    they might grope for Him and find Him,  though He is not far from
    each one of us.

    Conclusions: 1) Paul evangelized the intellectuals at Athens,
mentioning the determination (predestination) of God.  2) The reason for
the determination (predestination) is evangelism (v. 27a).  3) The
determination (predestination) included the factor of human volitional
choices (v. 27a).  4) Determination (predestination) is inclusive: “though
He is not far from each one of us” (v. 27b and note v. 34).

5) Romans 8:29-30; Those whom He foreknew He also predestined to become
    conformed to the image of His Son, and whom He predestined He called.

    Conclusions: 1)The context demonstrates that Romans 8 is a passage
which encourages the Christian to live like a conqueror (vv. 28, 31, 37).
Predestination is part of this confidence.  2) Predestination flows from
God’s foreknowledge (v. 29a).   3) Predestination encourages the believer
that God’s careful eternal plan (foreknowledge, v. 29a) will occur.  4)
Predestination includes human volitional choice: “good to those who
love God” (v. 28).

6) Ephesians 1:5; predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ,
    the kind intention of His will.

    Conclusions: 1) Predestination was guided by God’s ‘kind will’:
Predestination is not arbitrary (cf. Ephesians 1:11b).  2) Predestination
included the will of man.  His “will” in 1:5 is the Greek word thelema
and it is used in Ephesians 2:3 of human “desires (thelema) of the flesh
and of the mind.”  3) Predestination included human volitional choices
according to the context of Ephesians 1:13: listen, gospel, believe.

7) Predestination summary: Predestination is part of God’s careful plan
    from eternity past which flows from His foreknowledge and is thus not
    arbitrary but evangelistic and inclusive, volitional, insures history and is
    confidence building.