1) Vocabulary: pro/ginosko
- before/to know, pro/opao - before/to see,
pro/etoimazo - before/to prepare.
2) Acts 2:23; (JC) delivered
by the predetermined counsel and
foreknowledge of God. He was nailed to the cross by godless men.
1) The cross of Christ was carefully planned from eternity
past (fixed design, foreknowledge - v. 23a). 2) The predetermined plan
(fixed design) of this salvation cross included the foreknowledge of God.
3) The verse context describes what God’s foreknowledge viewed: The
human volitional choices of Godless men (v. 23b). 4) The sovereignty of
God used these godless human volitional choices to fulfill the cross of
3) Romans 8:29; Whom He foreknew He also predestined.
1) The context demonstrates that Romans 8 is a passage
which encourages the Christian to live like a conqueror (vv. 28, 31, 37).
2) Part of the encouragement is the fact that God has carefully planned
(foreknowledge - v. 29a) and insured (predestined - v. 29a, called - v.
30a) our eternal destiny (justified - v. 30b, glorified - v. 30b). 3) God’s
foreknowledge is listed first in the process of His careful plan.
Predestined, conformed, called, justified, and glorified (vv. 29-30) occur
after God’s careful foreknowledge. 4) The context of verse 28
demonstrates one of the things God foreknew: “good to those who love
God.” The human volitional choice of loving God.
4) Galatians 3:8-9; Scriptures,
forseeing that God would justify the
Gentiles by faith.
If the Scriptures foresaw faith; perhaps, God did the same
from eternity past?
5) Ephesians 2:10; Good works
which God prepared beforehand that we
should walk in them.
1) God prepared a life of service to Him from eternity
past (2:10a). 2) “That we should walk in them” (2:10b) describes our
6) 1 Peter 1:1b-2; Chosen according
to the foreknowledge of God the
1) God’s choosing was not arbitrary. He chose
according to His omniscient foreknowledge (1:1b-2a). 2) According to
the context, God’s foreknowledge included volitional choices: “may
obey” (1:2b), “through faith” (1:5a), “proof of your faith” (1:7a), “belief
in Him” (1:8b) and “outcome of your faith” (1:9a).
7) Foreknowledge summary: From
eternity past, God’s foreknowledge
carefully planned our salvation. Human volitional choices were included
in God’s sovereign foreknowledge. Predestination, calling and election
flow from God’s foreknowledge: God was not arbitrary in His
predestination, calling and election.