1) Vocabulary: pro/ginosko - before/to know,  pro/opao - before/to see,
    pro/etoimazo - before/to prepare.

2) Acts 2:23; (JC) delivered by the predetermined counsel and
    foreknowledge of God.  He was nailed to the cross by godless men.

    Conclusions: 1) The cross of Christ was carefully planned from eternity
past (fixed design, foreknowledge - v. 23a).  2) The predetermined plan
(fixed design) of this salvation cross included the foreknowledge of God.
3) The verse context describes what God’s foreknowledge viewed: The
human volitional choices of Godless men (v. 23b).  4) The sovereignty of
God used these godless human volitional choices to fulfill the cross of

3) Romans 8:29; Whom He foreknew He also predestined.

    Conclusions: 1) The context demonstrates that Romans 8 is a passage
which encourages the Christian to live like a conqueror (vv. 28, 31, 37).
2) Part of the encouragement is the fact that God has carefully planned
(foreknowledge - v. 29a) and insured (predestined - v. 29a, called - v.
30a) our eternal destiny (justified - v. 30b, glorified - v. 30b).  3) God’s
foreknowledge is listed first in the process of His careful plan.
Predestined, conformed, called, justified, and glorified (vv. 29-30) occur
after God’s careful foreknowledge.  4) The context of verse 28
demonstrates one of the things God foreknew: “good to those who love
God.”  The human volitional choice of loving God.

4) Galatians 3:8-9; Scriptures, forseeing that God would justify the
    Gentiles by faith.

    Conclusion: If the Scriptures foresaw faith; perhaps, God did the same
from eternity past?

5) Ephesians 2:10; Good works which God prepared beforehand that we
    should walk in them.

    Conclusions: 1) God prepared a life of service to Him from eternity
past (2:10a).  2)  “That we should walk in them” (2:10b) describes our
volitional responsibility.

6) 1 Peter 1:1b-2; Chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the

    Conclusions: 1)  God’s choosing was not arbitrary.  He chose
according to His omniscient foreknowledge (1:1b-2a).  2)  According to
the context, God’s foreknowledge included volitional choices: “may
obey” (1:2b), “through faith” (1:5a), “proof of your faith” (1:7a), “belief
in Him” (1:8b) and “outcome of your faith” (1:9a).

7) Foreknowledge summary: From eternity past, God’s foreknowledge
carefully planned our salvation.  Human volitional choices were included
in God’s sovereign foreknowledge.  Predestination, calling and election
flow from God’s foreknowledge: God was not arbitrary in His
predestination, calling and election.