Biblical Concept: Justification and Righteousness
Vocabulary: Depending on the sentence and context, “just” or “righteous” are common meanings for the dike vocabulary. Meaning: Conceptually, “justification” and “righteousness” have significant overlap.
di,kh - Noun (root word): penalty, punishment, justice (personified as a goddess, see Acts 28:4).
dikaio,w - Verb: justify, vindicate, treat as just.
di,kaioj - Adjective: Applied to model citizens in the Graeco-Roman world. Upright, just, righteous.
dikai,wj - Adverb: justly, uprightly, rightly.
dikaiosu,nh - Noun: righteousness, uprightness.
dikai,wma - Noun: regulation, requirement, commandment, righteous deed.
dikai,wsij - Noun: justification, vindication, acquittal.
dikasth,j - Noun: judge.
(The underlines and final parentheses are mine.)
NAS Romans 3:4 May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written, "That Thou mightest be justified in Thy words, And mightest prevail when Thou art judged."
NAS Romans 3:24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;
NAS Romans 8:30 and whom He predestined, these He also called; and whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
NAS Romans 8:33 Who will bring a charge against God's elect? God is the one who justifies;
NAS John 17:25 "O righteous Father, although the world has not known Thee, yet I have known Thee; and these have known that Thou didst send Me;
NAS 2 Thessalonians 1:6 For after all it is only just for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,
NAS 1 Peter 3:12 "For the eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, And His ears attend to their prayer, But the face of the Lord is against those who do evil."
NAS Revelation 19:2 because His judgments are true and righteous; for He has judged the great harlot who was corrupting the earth with her immorality, and He has avenged the blood of His bond-servants on her."
NAS John 16:8 "And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin, and righteousness, and judgment;
10 and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you no longer behold Me;
NAS Acts 17:31 because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead."
Meanings: God is Personally just and righteous. God acts according to justice and righteousness. God is the only One Who can bestow justice and righteousness.
NAS Romans 3:25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;
NAS Romans 4:9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him.
NAS Romans 4:25 He who was delivered up because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.
NAS Romans 5:18 So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men.
NAS Romans 5:19 For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.
NAS 2 Corinthians 5:21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. (Jesus Christ = worship worthy.)
NAS Philippians 1:11 having been filled with the fruit of righteousness which comes through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God.
NAS 1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, in order that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; (Jesus Christ = worship worthy.)
NAS 2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a bond-servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have received a faith of the same kind as ours, by the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ: (##by Christ##)
NAS John 5:30 "I can do nothing on My own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.
NAS Hebrews 1:9 "Thou hast loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Thy God, hath anointed Thee With the oil of gladness above Thy companions."
NAS 1 Corinthians 1:30 But by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption, (###sanctified###)
NAS 1 Timothy 3:16 And by common confession great is the mystery of godliness: He who was revealed in the flesh, Was vindicated in the Spirit, Beheld by angels, Proclaimed among the nations, Believed on in the world, Taken up in glory.
NAS Acts 3:14 "But you disowned the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you,
NAS Revelation 15:3 And they sang the song of Moses the bond-servant of God and the song of the Lamb, saying, "Great and marvelous are Thy works, O Lord God, the Almighty; Righteous and true are Thy ways, Thou King of the nations.
NAS Revelation 15:4 "Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Thy name? For Thou alone art holy; For all the nations will come and worship before Thee, For Thy righteous acts have been revealed."
NAS Revelation 16:5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying, "Righteous art Thou, who art and who wast, O Holy One, because Thou didst judge these things;
NAS Revelation 16:7 And I heard the altar saying, "Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are Thy judgments."
NAS Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened; and behold, a white horse, and He who sat upon it is called Faithful and True; and in righteousness He judges and wages war.
Meanings: Jesus Christ = justice and righteousness. Jesus Christ died for justice and righteousness. Jesus Christ is the Grantor of justice and righteousness. Jesus Christ = justice and righteousness = worship worthy.
NAS Romans 3:10 as it is written, "There is none righteous, not even one;
NAS Romans 3:22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction;
NAS Romans 3:30 since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one.
NAS Romans 4:3 For what does the Scripture say? "And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness."
5 But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is reckoned as righteousness,
6 just as David also speaks of the blessing upon the man to whom God reckons righteousness apart from works:
9 Is this blessing then upon the circumcised, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say, "Faith was reckoned to Abraham as righteousness."
11 and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be reckoned to them,
13 For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith.
22 Therefore also it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
NAS Romans 5:1 Therefore having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
NAS Romans 5:17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
21 that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
NAS Romans 8:10 And if Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness.
NAS Romans 10:10 for with the heart man believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation. (“Salvation” = Divine temporal deliverance in this context.)
NAS Galatians 3:6 Even so Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
NAS Galatians 3:8 And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, "All the nations shall be blessed in you."
NAS Galatians 5:5 For we through the Spirit, by faith, are waiting for the hope of righteousness.
NAS Titus 3:7 that being justified by His grace we might be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
NAS Matthew 25:46 "And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."
NAS Acts 24:15 having a hope in God, which these men cherish themselves, that there shall certainly be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.
NAS 2 Timothy 4:8 in the future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing.
NAS Titus 3:5 He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit,
NAS Hebrews 12:23 to the general assembly and church of the first-born who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of righteous men made perfect,
NAS 1 Peter 4:18 And if it is with difficulty that the righteous is saved, what will become of the godless man and the sinner? (Jesus Christ = worship worthy.)
NAS 1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and in the Spirit of our God.
NAS Matthew 13:43 "Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear.
NAS 2 Peter 3:13 But according to His promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells.
Conclusions: No human has ever been born righteous, save Jesus Christ. Only nonmeritorious faith in Jesus Christ places the human into a status of eternal life. No human can perform good enough works to earn eternal life. Compare the Biblical Concept: Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ for eternal life.
NAS Acts 13:39 and through Him everyone who believes is freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses.
NAS Romans 2:13 for not the hearers of the Law are just before God, but the doers of the Law will be justified.
NAS Romans 3:20 because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin.
NAS Romans 3:21 But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,
NAS Romans 3:28 For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law.
NAS Romans 7:12 So then, the Law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.
NAS Romans 9:30 What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, even the righteousness which is by faith;
NAS Romans 10:3 For not knowing about God's righteousness, and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.
4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
5 For Moses writes that the man who practices the righteousness which is based on law shall live by that righteousness.
6 But the righteousness based on faith speaks thus, "Do not say in your heart, 'Who will ascend into heaven?' (that is, to bring Christ down),
NAS 2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministry of condemnation has glory, much more does the ministry of righteousness abound in glory.
NAS Galatians 2:16 nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we may be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law shall no flesh be justified.
NAS Galatians 2:21 "I do not nullify the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the Law, then Christ died needlessly."
NAS Galatians 3:11 Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, "The righteous man shall live by faith."
NAS Galatians 3:24 Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, that we may be justified by faith.
NAS Galatians 5:4 You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace.
NAS Philippians 3:9 and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith,
Meanings: Mosaic Law leads to Christ. Keeping the Mosaic Law for justification and righteousness leading to eternal salvation is false.
NAS 1 Peter 2:24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed. (Cost and Christian way of life.)
NAS Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. (Successful Jewish way of life. Note Deuteronomy 30:10-20.)
NAS Luke 2:25 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was upon him. (Successful Jewish way of life.)
NAS Luke 14:14 and you will be blessed, since they do not have the means to repay you; for you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous." (Reward and Christian way of life righteousness.)
NAS Romans 1:17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, "But the righteous man shall live by faith."
NAS Romans 6:13 and do not go on presenting the members of your body to sin as instruments of unrighteousness; but present yourselves to God as those alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God.
16 Do you not know that when you present yourselves to someone as slaves for obedience, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin resulting in death, or of obedience resulting in righteousness? (Christian way of life righteousness.)
18 and having been freed from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.
19 I am speaking in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness, resulting in further lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness, resulting in sanctification. (Christian way of life righteousness.) (Attitude of improvement.)
20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.
NAS 2 Corinthians 6:7 in the word of truth, in the power of God; by the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and the left,
14 Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness?
NAS Galatians 3:11 Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, "The righteous man shall live by faith."
NAS Ephesians 4:24 and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth.
NAS Ephesians 6:14 Stand firm therefore, having girded your loins with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,
NAS Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, let your mind dwell on these things. (Spiritual focus and attitude of improvement.)
NAS 2 Thessalonians 1:5 This is a plain indication of God's righteous judgment so that you may be considered worthy of the kingdom of God, for which indeed you are suffering.
NAS 1 Timothy 6:11 But flee from these things, you man of God; and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, perseverance and gentleness. (Spiritual focus and attitude of improvement.)
NAS 2 Timothy 2:22 Now flee from youthful lusts, and pursue righteousness, faith, love and peace, with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart. (Spiritual focus and attitude of improvement.)
NAS 2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; (Righteousness takes training.)
NAS Titus 1:8 but hospitable, loving what is good, sensible, just, devout, self-controlled, (Elder qualities.)
NAS Hebrews 5:13 For everyone who partakes only of milk is not accustomed to the word of righteousness, for he is a babe. (Righteousness takes growth.)
NAS Hebrews 10:38 But My righteous one shall live by faith; And if he shrinks back, My soul has no pleasure in him. (Righteous requires standing firm.)
NAS 1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (Christian way of life righteousness requires confession and cleansing.)
NAS 1 John 2:1 My little children, I am writing these things to you that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; (Thanks.)
NAS 1 John 2:29 If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone also who practices righteousness is born of Him. (The Christian way of life requires the practice of righteousness.)
NAS 1 John 3:7 Little children, let no one deceive you; the one who practices righteousness is righteous, just as He is righteous;
10 By this the children of God and the children of the devil are obvious: anyone who does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor the one who does not love his brother.
NAS Titus 2:12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, (Christian way of life righteousness requires improvement.)
NAS Matthew 6:1 "Beware of practicing your righteousness before men to be noticed by them; otherwise you have no reward with your Father who is in heaven.
NAS Matthew 6:33 "But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness; and all these things shall be added to you.
NAS John 7:24 "Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment."
NAS 1 Peter 3:14 But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled,
NAS Acts 24:25 And as he was discussing righteousness, self-control and the judgment to come, Felix became frightened and said, "Go away for the present, and when I find time, I will summon you."
NAS Romans 14:17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
NAS James 1:20 for the anger of man does not achieve the righteousness of God.
NAS James 2:21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar? (James cites Abraham’s faith-works as an example for our Christian way of life.)
23 and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness," and he was called the friend of God. (Faith-works and the Christian way of life.)
24 You see that a man is justified by works, and not by faith alone. (Faith-works and the Christian way of life.)
25 And in the same way was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works, when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way? (Faith-works and the Christian way of life.)
NAS James 3:18 And the seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.
NAS James 5:16 Therefore, confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, so that you may be healed. The effective prayer of a righteous man can accomplish much.
NAS Revelation 19:8 And it was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
Meanings: The spiritual efforts of Jesus Christ are the reason any human can live a life pleasing to God--the Christian way of life. Having become a Christian by faith in Christ, the Christian continues, by faith, to learn to function in the realm of the righteousness of Christ--Christian way of life righteousness. Christian way of life justification and righteousness can bring suffering. Christian way of life justification and righteousness requires: prayer, standing firm, Biblical training, confession of personal sins, faith-works, faith to faith, obedience, and weapons of righteousness.
NAS Acts 28:4 And when the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they began saying to one another, "Undoubtedly this man is a murderer, and though he has been saved from the sea, justice has not allowed him to live." (“Justice” = di,kh = the Goddess of justice, perhaps, in the minds of the pagan speakers.)
NAS Luke 10:29 But wishing to justify himself, he said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"
NAS Matthew 9:13 "But go and learn what this means, 'I desire compassion, and not sacrifice,' for I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners."
NAS Matthew 1:19 And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man, and not wanting to disgrace her, desired to put her away secretly.
NAS Matthew 13:49 "So it will be at the end of the age; the angels shall come forth, and take out the wicked from among the righteous,
NAS Matthew 23:28 "Even so you too outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
NAS Matthew 27:19 And while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, "Have nothing to do with that righteous Man; for last night I suffered greatly in a dream because of Him."
NAS Mark 6:20 for Herod was afraid of John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man, and kept him safe. And when he heard him, he was very perplexed; but he used to enjoy listening to him.
NAS Matthew 5:6 "Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
10 "Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
20 "For I say to you, that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter the kingdom of heaven.
NAS Acts 13:10 and said, "You who are full of all deceit and fraud, you son of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease to make crooked the straight ways of the Lord? (Paul to magician Elymas.)
NAS 2 Corinthians 11:15 Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their deeds. (Satan’s angels.)
NAS Hebrews 12:11 All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.
NAS Luke 16:15 And He said to them, "You are those who justify yourselves in the sight of men, but God knows your hearts; for that which is highly esteemed among men is detestable in the sight of God.
NAS Luke 18:9 And He also told this parable to certain ones who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and viewed others with contempt: (The Parable of the Pharisee and Tax Collector.)
NAS Luke 18:14 "I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself shall be humbled, but he who humbles himself shall be exalted." (The Parable of the Pharisee and Tax Collector.)
NAS Matthew 21:32 "For John came to you in the way of righteousness and you did not believe him; but the tax-gatherers and harlots did believe him; and you, seeing this, did not even feel remorse afterward so as to believe him. (Jesus to chief priests and elders.)
NAS 2 Peter 2:21 For it would be better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than having known it, to turn away from the holy commandment delivered to them. (Christian way of life righteousness failure.)