Biblical Concept: Hate
Summary of underlines: Hate - dishonest gain, all who do iniquity, assembly of evildoers, those who regard vain idols, evil, the work of those who fall away, every false way, those who are double-minded, falsehood, those who hate Thee, pride, arrogance, evil way, perverted mouth, new moon festivals, robbery in the burnt offering, your festivals, devise evil in your heart against another, perjury, divorce; father, mother, wife, children, brothers, sisters, own life; Nicolaitans, wickedness, bloodshed, Esau, lawlessness, abominable act; haughty eyes, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that run rapidly to evil, a false witness who utters lies, one who spreads strife among brothers; going surety, falsehood, bribes, unjust gain, and his life in this world.
(The underlines and parentheses are mine.)
NAS Exodus 18:21 "Furthermore, you shall select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, those who hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them, as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens. (Political leaders need to hate fraudulent economics.)
NAS Psalm 5:5 The boastful shall not stand before Thine eyes; Thou dost hate all who do iniquity. (God hates sin.)
NAS Psalm 26:5 I hate the assembly of evildoers, And I will not sit with the wicked. (Hate evil groups.)
NAS Psalm 31:6 I hate those who regard vain idols; But I trust in the LORD. (Hate false religions.)
NAS Psalm 97:10 Hate evil, you who love the LORD, Who preserves the souls of His godly ones; He delivers them from the hand of the wicked. (Hate evil.)
NAS Psalm 101:3 I will set no worthless thing before my eyes; I hate the work of those who fall away; It shall not fasten its grip on me. (Hate sin, oppose sin. Read the psalm.)
NAS Psalm 119:104 From Thy precepts I get understanding; Therefore I hate every false way. (Hate sin.)
NAS Psalm 119:113 I hate those who are double-minded, But I love Thy law. (Hate sinners.)
NAS Psalm 119:128 Therefore I esteem right all Thy precepts concerning everything, I hate every false way (Hate sin.)
NAS Psalm 119:163 I hate and despise falsehood, But I love Thy law. (Hate sin.)
NAS Psalm 139:21 Do I not hate those who hate Thee, O LORD? And do I not loathe those who rise up against Thee? (Hate haters of God.)
NAS Psalm 139:22 I hate them with the utmost hatred; They have become my enemies. (Hate sinners.)
NAS Proverbs 8:13 "The fear of the LORD is to hate evil; Pride and arrogance and the evil way, And the perverted mouth, I hate. (Hate sin.)
NAS Isaiah 1:14 "I hate your new moon festivals and your appointed feasts, They have become a burden to Me. I am weary of bearing them. (Hate religion.)
NAS Isaiah 61:8 For I, the LORD, love justice, I hate robbery in the burnt offering; And I will faithfully give them their recompense, And I will make an everlasting covenant with them. (Hate religion.)
NAS Jeremiah 12:8 "My inheritance has become to Me Like a lion in the forest; She has roared against Me; Therefore I have come to hate her. (Hate religion.)
NAS Hosea 9:15 All their evil is at Gilgal; Indeed, I came to hate them there! Because of the wickedness of their deeds I will drive them out of My house! I will love them no more; All their princes are rebels. (Hate religion.)
NAS Amos 5:15 Hate evil, love good, And establish justice in the gate! Perhaps the LORD God of hosts May be gracious to the remnant of Joseph. (Hate sin.)
NAS Amos 5:21 "I hate, I reject your festivals, Nor do I delight in your solemn assemblies. (Hate religion.)
NAS Zechariah 8:17 'Also let none of you devise evil in your heart against another, and do not love perjury; for all these are what I hate,' declares the LORD." (God hates sin.)
NAS Malachi 2:16 "For I hate divorce," says the LORD, the God of Israel, "and him who covers his garment with wrong," says the LORD of hosts. "So take heed to your spirit, that you do not deal treacherously." (God hates sin.)
NAS Luke 14:26 "If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be My disciple. (Hate anything that thwarts being Christ’s disciple.)
NAS Romans 7:15 For that which I am doing, I do not understand; for I am not practicing what I would like to do, but I am doing the very thing I hate. (Hate sin.)
NAS Revelation 2:6 'Yet this you do have, that you hate the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate. (Hate sin.)
NAS Psalm 45:7 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness; Therefore God, Thy God, has anointed Thee With the oil of joy above Thy fellows. (Hate sin.)
NAS Ezekiel 35:6 therefore, as I live, "declares the Lord GOD," I will give you over to bloodshed, and bloodshed will pursue you; since you have not hated bloodshed, therefore bloodshed will pursue you. (Hate bloodshed.)
Malachi 1:3 but I have hated Esau,
and I have made his mountains a desolation, and appointed his
inheritance for the jackals of the wilderness. " (
Romans 9:13 Just as it is written, "JACOB I LOVED, BUT ESAU I HATED." (
NAS Hebrews 1:9 "THOU HAST LOVED RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HATED LAWLESSNESS; THEREFORE GOD, THY GOD, HATH ANOINTED THEE WITH THE OIL OF GLADNESS ABOVE THY COMPANIONS." (God hates sin.)
NAS Deuteronomy 12:31 "You shall not behave thus toward the LORD your God, for every abominable act which the LORD hates they have done for their gods; for they even burn their sons and daughters in the fire to their gods. (God hates religion.)
NAS Proverbs 6:16 There are six things which the LORD hates, Yes, seven which are an abomination to Him: 17 Haughty eyes, a lying tongue, And hands that shed innocent blood, 18 A heart that devises wicked plans, Feet that run rapidly to evil, 19 A false witness who utters lies, And one who spreads strife among brothers. (God hates sin.)
NAS Proverbs 11:15 He who is surety for a stranger will surely suffer for it, But he who hates going surety is safe. (Hate risky economics.)
NAS Proverbs 13:5 A righteous man hates falsehood, But a wicked man acts disgustingly and shamefully. (Hate sin.)
NAS Proverbs 15:27 He who profits illicitly troubles his own house, But he who hates bribes will live. (Hate sin.)
NAS Proverbs 28:16 A leader who is a great oppressor lacks understanding, But he who hates unjust gain will prolong his days. (Political leaders need to hate fraudulent economics.)
NAS John 12:25 "He who loves his life loses it; and he who hates his life in this world shall keep it to life eternal. (Hate anything that thwarts serving Christ. See 12:26.)
Comparison Concepts: (Paradoxes)
Matthew 5:43-48 compared with Luke 14:26
NAS Matthew 5:43 "You have heard that it was said, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR, and hate your enemy.' 44 "But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you 45 in order that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46 "For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax-gatherers do the same? 47 "And if you greet your brothers only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48 "Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
NAS Luke 14:26 "If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be My disciple.
Question: How/Why does one “love your enemies” but ‘hate family and one’s life’?
The context and meaning of Matthew 5:43-48: The context: Matthew 5:43-48 is part of Jesus’ teaching to a multitude, conducted on a mountain, covering Matthew 5:1-7:29. Stated writing purposes of this contextual section are:
NAS Matthew 5:11 "Blessed are you when men cast insults at you, and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely, on account of Me.
NAS Matthew 5:12 "Rejoice, and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
NAS Matthew 5:16 "Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.
NAS Matthew 5:20 "For I say to you, that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter the kingdom of heaven. (Note 23:13)
NAS Matthew 5:48 "Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
NAS Matthew 6:4 that your alms may be in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.
NAS Matthew 6:18 so that you may not be seen fasting by men, but by your Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.
NAS Matthew 6:20 "But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in or steal;
NAS Matthew 6:33 "But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness; and all these things shall be added to you.
NAS Matthew 7:13 "Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide, and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter by it. 14 "For the gate is small, and the way is narrow that leads to life, and few are those who find it.
NAS Matthew 7:15 "Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves.
NAS Matthew 7:22 "Many will say to Me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?' 23 "And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; DEPART FROM ME, YOU WHO PRACTICE LAWLESSNESS.'
The recipients: Jews living during Christ’s earthly ministry, as He offered God’s kingdom on earth (compare Mark 1:14-15). Some recipients had believed in Messiah (5:13a and 5:16). Others were religious but had not grasped their spiritual need for a Messiah (5:20 compared with Isaiah 53:5).
The purpose: A description of kingdom of heaven requirements (need for a Messiah).
The technique: Contrast religious hearing/actions with the greater spiritual principles of the kingdom of heaven. Examples: Matthew 5:21, 27, 31, 33, 38, 43.
The applications: Not a call for pacifism, not a call for naiveté, but a call for putting away any attitude not fit for kingdom life. (NAS Matthew 10:34 "Do not think that I came to bring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.)
A principle: Shrewd as serpents innocent as doves (NAS Matthew 10:16 "Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; therefore be shrewd as serpents, and innocent as doves.)
The meaning: Jesus called for the Jews to believe in the Messiah King. Compare Matthew 5:11 and 5:20 with John 5:39-47.
Comparison: See Luke 6:17-49. Note 6:30-31. Jesus is using sanctified hyperbole to reach out to a nation dominated by extra-biblical-religious-rule-keeping (Matthew 15:1-20). Extra-biblical-religious-rule-keeping had blinded many from confessing an internal personal spiritual need of a Messiah King (Isaiah 53:5).
important understanding: Great interpretive care needs to be taken with the
Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:1-7:29 and Luke 6:17-49). It contains sanctified hyperbole (see Luke
6:30-31) designed to reach a particular extra-biblical-religious-rule-keeping
people at the time Jesus was offering God’s Kingdom on earth. The sanctified hyperbole of Jesus’ kingdom teaching
is not employed in the same manner in the Epistles to His Church. In Bible interpretation, context is king, and
the Jerusalem-kingdom context of Jesus lifetime is significantly different from
The context and meaning of Luke 14:26: Luke 14:26 is contained within a context (14:25-35) that addresses a multitude of persons who were physically following Jesus. In Luke 14:25-35, Jesus describes the high cost of being His disciple. When Jesus said: “NAS Luke 14:26 "If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be My disciple.”; He stated to a crowd of people physically following Him to not let anything thwart being his disciple.
The question again: How/Why does one “love your enemies” but ‘hate family and one’s life’? Given the contexts of each passage, there is not a theological contradiction (error in the Bible). Jesus said “love your enemies” to a particular extra-biblical-religious-rule-keeping people at a time He was offering God’s Kingdom on earth. They needed to expand their spiritual perspectives beyond extra-biblical-religious-rule-keeping—they needed a Messiah. In another context, to those who were following Him, He warned that they should hate anything keeping them from being Jesus disciple.
Psalm 139:22 compared with Matthew 5:39
NAS Psalm 139:22 I hate them with the utmost hatred; They have become my enemies. (Hate sinners.)
NAS Matthew 5:39 "But I say to you, do not resist him who is evil; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. (Insult not injury. Do not waste your spiritual time countering every insult. Jesus is countering a petty society caught up in an eye for an eye. Note 5:38. Note Robertson’s commentary.)
The meaning: Hating sin and sinners is appropriate. Not reacting to every sinners insult is also appropriate.
Proverbs 11:15 compared with Matthew 5:42
NAS Proverbs 11:15 He who is surety for a stranger will surely suffer for it, But he who hates going surety is safe.
NAS Matthew 5:42 "Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.